Advocacy News Politics

Distinguishing vaping from smoking in upcoming tobacco control plan (TCP) is of “fundamental importance”

The UKVIA has welcomed calls from leading politicians for smoking to be clearly distinguished from “non-combustible alternatives” – including vaping – when the long-awaited Tobacco Control Plan (TCP) is finally published.

Members of Parliament also made the case for the TCP to fully recognise the vital role vaping has played in helping millions of people to quit smoking and the part it has in getting the UK’s faltering “Smoke Free 2030” ambitions back on track.

The remarks were made during a Westminster debate about the TCP, led by the APPG for Smoking and Health.

Mark Pawsey, Conservative MP for Rugby and Chair of the All-Party Parliamentary Group for Vaping, said his belief in vaping as an effective and less harmful alternative to smoking was underpinned by Public Health England’s assertion that e-cigarettes were “95% safer than smoking combustible tobacco”.

Mr Pawsey said the new TCP must “continue on the pragmatic and progressive path” forged in recent years, while acknowledging “the importance of reduced-risk products in reducing smoking prevalence in our country”.

He added:

“It was very concerning to read through some of the documents for the recently concluded FCTC COP9 and to see a concerted effort to treat vaping as smoking.

“It is essential that we do not conflate the smoking of combustible tobacco with vaping.

“They are entirely separate and should be treated as such…this is something we should fight back against at all costs.”

Mark Pawsey, Conservative MP

Andrew Lewer, Conservative MP for Northampton South agreed, saying that the Government’s Tobacco Control Plan needs to be ‘based on the significant and growing body of evidence’ that vaping is an effective alternative for smokers.

He said:

I thank the Secretary of State for announcing that the Medicine & Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) has updated its guidance on medical licensing for e-cigarettes.

“But there is still a public perception that vaping is as harmful, and in some cases, more harmful than smoking.”

Andrew Lewer, Conservative MP

Of the estimated 3.3m vapers in the UK, 1.8m are ex-smokers and the remainder are smokers who also vape. There are about 7m smokers in total in the UK.

However, Mr Lewer added the number of smokers switching to vaping had slowed in the last 18 months largely due, in his words, to “misleading media articles, junk science articles and concerns over the quality of e-cigarettes”.

Mark Pawsey said that there “is no doubt in my mind” that vaping has played a significant role in reducing smoking prevalence in the UK, adding: “If the Government is serious about its 2019 commitment to get the UK smoke-free by 2030, the role of vaping must be further reinforced and supported through the new Tobacco Control Plan.”

He also called for the TCP to not be published before the publication of the Post-Implementation Review into the Tobacco and Related Products Regulations or the ONS data for 2021 on smoking prevalence.

The APPG for Vaping has set out recommendations for how the new TCP can embrace those to help eliminate smoking, tackle inequality and help level-up and strengthen consumer confidence in vaping by tackling the misinformation which is presently prevalent.

Mark Pawsey said: “It is imperative that the evidence gathered through this process is properly considered, transparently disclosed and used to best effect before we set a new policy direction through the new Tobacco Control Plan.

He continued:

“The new plan should be used as an opportunity to introduce a multi-category approach that encourages switching to less harmful alternatives where a smoker is unable to quit entirely.

“We know that it is the process of combustion which carries the harm in cigarettes, so we need to fully analyse all of the non-combustible, reduced-risk products available on the market and align regulations for these products as has been advocated for by the Royal College of Physicians. 

“We must do this concurrently with ensuring that regulations fully differentiate between combustible and non-combustible products.”

Andrew Lewer said that he would also like to see more support in the TCP for online vape retailers and manufacturers who need to be able to responsibly promote their products online as well as highlight the health and cost benefits of switching to e-cigarettes. 

John Dunne, Director General of the UK Vaping Industry Association, added:

“The UK is at a perilous stage in its journey towards a smoke free future, and the TCP will be crucial in steadying the ship and getting those ambitions which, after all, are rooted in harm reduction, back on course.

“With highly vocal advocates, in both the political and health protection camps, I feel we are in a stronger than ever position to finally get vaping the recognition it deserves

“It is very encouraging to hear vaping being debated in this way at such a high and influential level.”

John Dunne, UKVIA

World Health Organization Labelled The ‘Enemy of Vaping’ Ahead of COP9

Lives are at risk because the World Health Organization allows ‘fanatics and prohibitionists’ to dictate its tobacco regulation policy.

The World Health Organization has been accused of ‘going off the rails’ with its radical anti-vaping policies, ahead of a key international summit on tobacco control.

The London-based Institute of Economic Affairs (IEA) described the WHO as the ‘enemy of vaping’ and warned it had the potential to undermine the huge advances made by the UK.

It hosted an online forum with a four-strong panel of experts to discuss the implications of a major WHO global tobacco control summit, to be held in secret in November.

The IEA said the forthcoming COP9 conference posed a significant threat to the United Kingdom’s successful approach to harm reduction policy.

It added: The WHO is increasingly, and against the clear evidence, positioning itself as an enemy of vaping.

“The UK is a world leader in tobacco harm reduction, and a significant reason for this is our comparatively liberal approach to vaping products and e-cigarettes.”

Christopher Snowdon, the IEA’s Head of Lifestyle Economics, said there was no excuse for excluding the media and the public from such an important online event.

“The WHO should be encouraging the displacement of smoking by vaping and it is both shocking and extraordinary how resistant it is to that message.”

He urged vapers, nicotine-users, smokers and the media to ‘closely examine’ the international body’s approach to tobacco and nicotine regulation to understand the huge damage it could do.

Snowdon said: This is an organisation that has gone off the rails.

Sadly, on this particular issue, the WHO has been taken over by a few fanatics and prohibitionists.

They put out reports and statements anonymously, without accountability. They ignore the science and even the EU is paying attention to their unevidenced statements and tweets.

Snowdon added: COP9 will deal with decisions that are going to reverberate around the world and yet it will be totally secret…we won’t even know what’s being said.

We need to bring people who really get tobacco harm reduction to this event so they can at least put forward a positive case in this rather murky conference which has big implications for many countries.

He compared it to the COP26 climate conference in London where the media has full access to stream and broadcast proceedings live around the world.

The COP9 conference is particularly important because the UK will be able to send its own independent delegation to the event now that it has left the EU.

Snowdon said: It would be genuine global leadership for the UK to use its position as an independent country to take a stand against the madness of the WHO…to say, ‘we know the science and we are the success story.’

They’ll be on the right side of history by doing so.

Snowdon was also highly critical of the WHO’s plans for a nicotine-free world saying he could see no ‘ethical or health justification’ for such a policy.

This unaccountable, largely anonymous global organisation wants to move to a nicotine-free world without any real debate…and I’m not sure whether the WHO has displayed enough competence to move us towards that kind of target, he said.

You might think that these are the finest scientists in the world, but they’re not, they’re just people who got into the WHO.

“They’re not particularly distinguished and, in the case of tobacco and vaping, they’re people who have an enormous platform that is totally disproportionate to their knowledge of the subject.”

Matt Ridley, Vice-chair of the APPG on Vaping said he was shocked at the WHO’s anti-vaping stance.

He said countries like Britain with good quality regulatory standards were almost certainly saving lives on a huge scale and urged the WHO to include vapers in the COP9 discussions.

Ridley said: The WHO should be encouraging the displacement of smoking by vaping and it is both shocking and extraordinary how resistant it is to that message.

News Politics

It’s time to hold the World Health Organization responsible, say advocates

With 1.1 billion people still hooked on cigarettes after a 20-year fight to end the smoking epidemic, experts are calling for an end to the WHO’s anti-vaping stance.

They questioned why the health body – and its tobacco control financier Michael Bloomberg – continue to reject proven harm reduction methods.

In a damning new report, pro-vaping group INNCO condemned the World Health Organization‘s ideology-driven messaging, saying it needs to rethink its ‘prohibitionist approach’ to e-cigarettes.

Charles A. Gardner of the International Network of Nicotine Consumer Organisations said:

“The goal is simple…save lives. 

“The WHO’s stance and the evidence that they have used to back up their case has been described as ‘fundamentally flawed’, ‘non-sensical’ and ‘dangerous’.

“And, as a former Senior Adviser to the World Health Organization, it saddens me to see it going in this direction.”

Charles A. Gardner, INNCO

The ‘Bloomberg, WHO and the Vaping Misinfodemic’ dossier outlined nine reasons we should challenge the health body’s ‘outright opposition’ to reduced risk smoking alternatives.

These included:

  • It’s failure to distinguish between smoking addiction and nicotine dependence
  • Deliberately lumping combustible cigarettes and safer nicotine e-cigarettes in the same category
  • The need for greater transparency in decision-making and financing structures and
  • Ignoring a groundswell of support for vaping as a far less harmful option for smokers.

The report urged world governments to question why the WHO refuses to acknowledge less harmful alternatives, especially when there are eight million unnecessary tobacco-related deaths every year.

It also called for the formation of a dedicated body that would – alongside global leaders – hold the health organisation’s actions to account.

Charles A. Gardner said:

“There are 1.1 billion smokers now in the world, a situation that has barely changed in the last 20 years…the anti-harm reduction conservatism of the WHO and Bloomberg is not working.

“That’s why we are calling for a global response in the form of a Tobacco Harm Reduction Working Group and international governments collectively questioning their prohibitionist and evidence-denialist approach.”

Charles A. Gardner, INNCO

The full report – which takes from healthcare experts, politicians, leading academics and more – is available to read here.

Advocacy Politics

Consumers tell the World Health Organization: ‘Listen to science and people.’

Earlier this week, 100 top experts in the field of tobacco harm reduction – including WVA’s scientific advisor Prof. Bernhard Mayer – sent a clear message to the WHO: The war on vaping and other alternatives must end! 

Dr. Mendelsohn, an Australian expert has clearly made the point that the current anti-vaping approach from the WHO will “lead to more death and suffering from smoking” and he is right! Vaping already helped millions of smokers to quit for good. The WHO must finally listen to consumers and science to save 200 million lives around the world. 

The World Vapers’ Alliance stands fully behind the experts and urges the WHO to rethink its current position on vaping and similar alternatives. We present below our three main requests from the World Health Organisations ahead of their tobacco control conference COP9 in November: 

What consumers want from The WHO: 

  • The recognition and inclusion of tobacco harm reduction methods
  • The right to access and affordability for consumers
  • The effective participation of consumer in discussions at COP9

Millions of consumers around the world have quit smoking with the help of less harmful alternatives. Harm reduction products (vaping, nicotine pouches, snus, and others) can save millions of lives. There is an enormous weight of evidence supporting these arguments. 

Therefore, we request the endorsement of alternative tobacco harm reduction methods and a fair representation during COP9. 

The World Vapers’ Alliance says 

  1. The World Health Organization must endorse Tobacco Harm Reduction
  2. Guarantee access and affordability of less harmful alternatives
  3. Consumers and organisations in the field of Tobacco Harm Reduction need to be heard

To read more on this check out the World Vaper’s Alliance website by clicking the button below:

Read more about the World Vaper’s Alliance:

News Politics

APPG unveils its pro-vaping report to help guide the UK to a smokefree future

The UK government needs to go ‘further and faster’ than it ever has before in the fight against tobacco if it wants to hit its smoke free targets, MPs have warned.

An influential group of cross-party politicians has unveiled its recommendations for eradicating smoking in the UK by 2030.

The All-Party Parliamentary Group on Smoking and Health (APPG) called on the government to take bold action and use its post-Brexit freedom to curb tobacco-related deaths.

It said: “We have been a world leader in tobacco control for well over a decade and have been instrumental in helping shape the development of EU policy.

“However, while we were a member of the European Union, we could not speak for ourselves…now we can and should.

“The EU’s ambition is to be Smokefree by 2040…our government plans to get there a decade earlier.”

Coinciding with a crucial parliamentary debate on smoking and vaping regulation, the APPG’s ‘Delivering a Smoke Free 2030’ report outlines a number of strategies to end the tobacco epidemic.

Key recommendations include:

  • Legislate to make tobacco manufacturers pay for a Smokefree 2030 Fund to bring an end to smoking
  • Consult on raising the age of sale for tobacco from 18 to 21
  • Ensure all pregnant smokers are given financial incentives to quit in addition to smoking cessation support
  • Changing misperceptions and addressing misinformation surrounding e-cigarettes and vaping products and
  • Standardising access to stop smoking services including vaping 

The report has gained the support of the industry, with advocacy groups applauding it for acknowledging the vital role that vaping plays in helping people quit.

John Dunne, Director General of the UKVIA, said:

“We warmly welcome this report and endorse efforts and recommendations designed to encourage smokers to make a less harmful choice.

“We are pleased to see among the recommendations proposals for the expanded use of e-cigarettes, which have helped more than one million British smokers to transition from combustible tobacco in the last decade.”

John Dunne, UKVIA

Dunne explained that many of the APPG’s suggestions align with the UKVIA’s own views, with the trade body’s ‘Blueprint for Better Regulation’ also urging the government to use vaping in the fight against tobacco.

He said:

“The Government’s smoke free targets can be put firmly back on track by encouraging more of the UK’s seven million smokers to consider vaping as a method of quitting. 

“For far too long vaping has suffered from myths and misconceptions about both its safety and effectiveness in helping smokers quit.

“That situation must now change, and we watch with interest to see how the APPG on Smoking and Health’s recommendations are received by Government.” 

John Dunne, UKVIA
News Politics

How ice creams nobody wanted exposed the madness of vape flavour bans

World Vapers Alliance hands out disgusting ice cream flavours to protest proposed Dutch flavour ban

European vapers took to the streets of The Hague and handed out ‘disgusting’ ice creams to protest the proposed Dutch flavour ban.

The demonstration, which was organised by the World Vapers’ Alliance, was the latest in a series of unique, guerrilla-style attempts to raise awareness about the importance of flavoured e-liquids.

Samples of tasteless ice creams were offered to passers-by outside the Dutch House of Representatives, as policymakers met to discuss the controversial plans.

Michael Landl, Director of the WVA, said:

“A flavour ban for vaping would be a public health disaster for the Netherlands.

“It is incredible that a caretaker government would try to introduce such deeply controversial legislation that would have such negative consequences for so many.”

Michael Landl, WVA

If Dutch MPs don’t oppose the bill, then all e-liquid flavours could be banned from July 1, 2022.

Michael highlighted a recent public inquiry, which saw 98 percent of Dutch people against the ban, saying that policymakers have failed to see the crucial role flavours play in the nation’s ‘vaping success story.’

He said:

“When this proposal was put to public consultation, it received one of the biggest ever responses.

“The message was clear; flavours help smokers quit and there is huge opposition to this ridiculous plan.”

Michael Landl, WVA

The World Vapers’ Alliance explained that the Netherlands is currently led by a temporary, caretaker government, which shouldn’t pass contentious legislation.

It stressed that the strong opposition from citizens, as well as the lack of a legitimate cabinet, make the ban ‘completely unethical.’

“This is a huge blow for tobacco harm reduction and all the vapers who raised their voices.

“It is likely to tarnish the reputation of the Netherlands for a long time.”

Source: WVA

News Politics

Last chance to play your part ahead of crucial TCP review

The UKVIA is urging vapers to write to their local MPs ahead of a landmark parliamentary debate on Thursday.

It called on vaping advocates to make their voices heard so that politicians will understand the depth of public feeling about the health benefits of vaping before MPs review the current Tobacco Control plan.

The trade body called the debate a ‘huge opportunity to refocus efforts’ and ensure England hits its ambitious ‘Smokefree 2030’ target.

In a letter to MPs, the UKVIA detailed its hopes for the future of harm reduction, highlighting a number of key points that should be discussed during the conference.

The main factors it wants policymakers to consider include:

  • The TCP should be guided by the ‘growing body of evidence’ that cements vaping as a less harmful alternative, placing the UK as a ‘world leader in harm reduction.’
  • Misinformation and misconceptions surrounding vaping ‘should be challenged at every opportunity’, with approved health messages encouraging cautious smokers to make the switch.
  • The Government should collaborate with industry leaders to develop policies that promote vaping as a reduced risk product.
  • Greater support is needed for medical professionals, with evidence, education and a consistent message from quitting services for smokers.

The letter also urged politicians to use their newfound post-Brexit freedom, diverge from EU tobacco laws and adapt to the changing consumer trends, all with ‘greater ease and less bureaucracy.’

It said:

“In order to reduce the number of smokers nationally, we are calling on the Government to fully recognise the role that the UK’s vaping industry plays in harm reduction.

“Whilst the current regulations and existing TCP have allowed the vaping industry to flourish, they have hindered the ability of the sector to promote vaping as an effective way of switching.

“Parliamentarians should be advocating for fair and proportionate policies to help reduce inequalities and improve public health.”


To get involved in securing a brighter vaping future, supporters can copy the UKVIA’s letter template here, sign it and email it to their local MP.

Business & Finance Events News Politics

World Vape Day 2021 – Part One

People from across the globe have come together today to celebrate World Vape Day 2021.

The World Vapers’ Alliance brought some of the industry’s biggest names together to highlight the power for good that vaping has become and we are delighted to be a media partner for this event.

Millions of smokers have already made the switch to the reduced risk alternative and the event calls on businesses, advocates and consumers to #GotheExtraMile, promote vaping and help current smokers end their addiction.

Vape Trick Show

Kicking the festivities off with talented vape tricksters from around the globe, World Vape Day showcased the creativity and dedication behind the industry.

We saw some of the biggest and well-known personalities, showing off how, behind all the politics and harm reduction, vaping can also be turned into an art form.

Opening Remarks

In his opening remarks, World Vapers’ Alliance (WVA) director Michael Landl recounted his own experience with vaping, highlighting how making the switch was one of the best decisions he ever made.

He said:

“I thought I would be a lifelong smoker until I visited a vape shop in Vienna.

“Within one week I was a non-smoker…it was a miracle.

“And from that moment onwards I became a vaper and wanted to do everything I could to promote it to others.”

Michael Landl, WVA

Landl explained that he was working in the German Parliament when he realised regulations were being made by people who didn’t understand the benefits of the reduced risk alternative.

After deciding to quit his job, he joined the World Vapers’ Alliance and dedicated his life to helping other smokers take back control of their health and move away from the deadly habit.

He also discussed proposed flavour bans in the EU, saying they could have “very bad and unintended consequences” and that they could be hugely detrimental to public health.

Landl said when banning flavours the demand does not go away, stressing that regulations should be built on evidence, as policymakers risk forcing consumers to the black market by stripping away access to their cessation aids.

Advocacy groups the world over are constantly standing against poor policy and Landl called on consumers to join the fight.

He said:

“We have held many campaigns and see that we can make a difference…although it’s very hard work.

“But it is clear that the more of us there are and the louder we speak…the harder it is for politicians to ignore the voices of vapers.”

Michael Landl, WVA

Time for Optimism, How Vaping is Changing the World

The vaping community is truly international and people from a diverse range of backgrounds and cultures recognise the efficacy of e-cigarettes in helping save lives.

In this segment, community manager for the WVA Liza Katsiashvili spoke to several leaders of WVA partner organisations about about the state of harm reduction in their countries and their vaping success stories.

Kurt Yeo from Vaping Saved My Life, said his organisation continues to oppose proposed unfounded regulatory changes in South Africa.

He said:

“There are plans that would take away the rights of vapers and we have to raise our voices to oppose this.

“We are not anti-regulation, we welcome them… as long as they are backed by robust science and evidence

“However, we have not seen that this has been part of the current process.”

Kurt Yeo, Vaping Saved My Life

Maria Papaioannoy of Rights4Vapers explained that policies in Canada are almost constantly shifting, saying that laws surrounding the reduced risk product are all ‘vape and mirrors.’

She stressed that Canada’s current landscape is ‘heartbreaking’ and policymakers are not properly educated on the public health benefits.

Maria said:

“There are so many different regulations in Canada, that everytime you wake up there is something to contend with.

“We have shifted from policymakers embracing vaping as a means of improving health, to one of moral panic.

“There is now this fear that vaping is worse than smoking and that it is going to kill everyone.

Maria Papaioannoy, Rights4Vapers Canada

She said that advocacy groups in Canada are being ‘systematically excluded’ from the harm reduction conversation, pointing out that politicians need to acknowledge the science and listen to experts if we are to overcome the smoking epidemic.

Cristiana Batista of APORVAP (Associação Portuguesa de Vaporizadores) explained how damaging Portugal’s high taxation can be for the country’s smokers.

He said:

“When it comes to high taxes, people will go to the black market…so this is our main focus.

“We need to reduce the excessive rates of taxation in Portugal and this has been the biggest battle that we have to win.”

Cristiana Batista, APORVAP

He capped off by explaining he will not stop campaigning for vaping and will continue to stand against bad policy and people who don’t understand the benefits.

Danny Wang of Vape Taiwan also joined the livestream, saying that it’s vital for vapers to stand up for their rights and support the industry if we want to protect public health.

The science and real-world examples have shown that stringent and unsubstantiated regulations can force consumers to buy their vape products from illicit sellers.

He said:

“As more and more people support the idea of tobacco harm reduction, the government will have to consider this issue very carefully so as not to upset a large section of the population.”

Danny Wang, Vape Taiwan

Liza also spoke with Joseph Magero (Campaign for a Safe Alternative, Africa), Francisco Ordonez (Asovape Colombia), Ignacio Leiva Benitez (Asovape Chile) and Jeff Zamora (Asovape Costa Rica).

For a look at part two of the World Vape Day events, including talks with Clive Bates, GrimmGreen and the WVA’s very own Michael Landl, see our next blog.

News Politics

UKVIA Backs Efforts to Defund Anti-Vaping WHO

The UKVIA has joined calls for the government to cut the World Health Organization’s funding (WHO) if it continues to attack vaping.

A group of influential politicians wants the UK to consider ‘dramatically scaling back’ the WHO’s funding unless it acknowledges the science and changes its ‘antagonistic approach’ to e-cigarettes.

While the UK is set to give the WHO £340 Million over the next four years, critics are urging policymakers to reconsider.

Mark Pawsey MP, Chair of the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Vaping, questioned why the UK should give so much money to an organisation which fundamentally disagreed with our ‘progressive approach’ to harm reduction.

The UKVIA has joined ‘a chorus of voices’ condemning the WHO for its ‘aggressive anti-vaping stance’ ahead of a crucial health summit later this year.

According to leaked documents reported in the Daily Express, the WHO will tell a meeting of international health figures in November that e-cigarettes “are as dangerous as smoking tobacco.”

John Dunne, Director General of the UKVIA, called the World Health Organization’s stance on vaping ‘extremely concerning.’

He said:

“Vaping is a great British success story, enabling millions of people to switch from smoking.

“The APPG is right to call for the UK Government to reconsider the level of its funding to the World Health Organization in light of these reports. 

“Thankfully, now that the UK has left the EU, it is no longer bound by the ridiculous and quite frankly dangerous WHO messaging urging the bloc to treat vaping in the same way as smoking.”

John Dunne, UKVIA

The UKVIA stressed that ‘this action flies in the face of the scientific reality’, with evidence from Public Health England showing that vaping is 95 percent less harmful than cigarettes.

It also highlighted that 3.2 million UK smokers have already made the switch to vaping, and that the industry needs to be supported if it can help the remaining 6.9 million Brits kick the habit.

Source: UKVIA

Business & Finance News Politics

RELX Reveals Regulation Roadmap

International vape brand RELX has called on policymakers to recognise the harm reduction benefits of e-cigarettes and seek a global approach to vaping policy.

The company unveiled its recommendations at the third Vape Live event, which took place last week.

The six-part plan – which comes after the UKVIA’s celebrated ‘Blueprint for Better Regulation’ – detailed measures that could help encourage adult smokers to quit.

Key points of the roadmap include:

  • Allowing ‘substantiated’ switching messages to be placed on the packaging and inserts of vaping products
  •  Supporting a targeted campaign that informs smokers of the benefits of moving from cigarettes to vaping
  • Differentiating between vaping and smoking in public places
  • Acknowledging the role of flavoured e-liquids in successful quitting attempts

Robert Naouss, External Affairs Director for RELX International MENA & Europe, said that we should ‘look seriously at the huge potential harm reduction benefits’ of a more unified regulatory approach.

He said:

“Across the world in 2019, more than 8 million smokers passed away prematurely from smoking cigarettes, and not from nicotine itself.

“Regulators around the world are scrambling to keep up with the pace of change, balancing the need for innovation and other societal benefits with concerns around safety is a difficult task.

“This is where novel nicotine products such as e-vapor have a role to play in public health.”

Robert Naouss, RELX International

John Dunne, Director General of the UKVIA, stressed that ‘society needs the right regulation’ if we are to support smokers on their journey to a healthier lifestyle.

He said:

“It is important to challenge misconceptions and misinformation while opening minds to the science, technology and design which have been made available to adult smokers looking for better alternatives.

“Such new products have enormous potential should they receive the support needed from governments and regulatory bodies.”

John Dunne, UKVIA

Source: UKVIA